Reports indicate that the likelihood of a government standoff is increasing. Conflict has arisen due to internal disputes among GOP lawmakers and the House Republicans’ decision to draft spending bills that fall below the caps established in the debt limit legislation negotiated by President Joe Biden and House Speaker Kevin McCarthy. This move is expected to provoke a clash with Senate Democrats and the White House.
The proposed legislation includes an agreement that sets new limits for discretionary spending in the next two fiscal years. However, McCarthy is pushing back against these figures, arguing that they represent a spending ceiling that Congress cannot exceed, as reported by The Hill.
Led by House Appropriations Committee Chair Kay Granger, Republicans are planning to mark up spending for 2024 at levels determined in 2022, aiming to reduce federal spending by $120 billion. Democrats oppose such cuts and their support is crucial to pass the appropriations bill and avoid a partial government shutdown on October 1st. This sets the stage for a potential collision over the scope of government spending.
House Minority Leader Hakeem Jeffries stated that Democrats will oppose any spending plan that falls short of the approved debt ceiling levels. Rep. Rosa DeLauro, the lead Democrat on the Appropriations Committee, expressed concerns that this strategy “almost guarantees a shutdown,” while House Democratic Caucus Chair Pete Aguilar added that House Republicans will not gain Democratic support for these cuts, despite the risk of a government shutdown. Aguilar also pointed out that McCarthy has created this situation through the deals he made to retain his position as House speaker.
McCarthy, while defending the debt ceiling deal, emphasized that they never promised to maintain spending at 2022 levels. He stated that they aimed to reach the 2022 level or its equivalent in cuts. The Financial Responsibility Act, passed after the debt ceiling deal, includes an incentive for members of Congress to pass 12 appropriations bills by January 1st. Failure to do so would result in a continuing resolution that caps spending at 99% of current levels and imposes a 1% across-the-board cut to all government spending, including military spending. This has raised concerns about potential harm to national security. Lawmakers appear to be anticipating a continuing resolution, which could lead to a showdown between Senate Democrats and House Republicans.
Representative Gary Palmer predicted that the CR would be passed at the 99% level, and any potential shutdown would be caused by the Senate. Hard-line conservatives, on the other hand, stated that they are not using threats to force a government shutdown but are focused on reining in spending. Representative Ralph Norman emphasized the need to control spending immediately, stating that the country will face permanent shutdown if spending is not brought under control.